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Chad has broad terrorism legislation adopted in 2015, which was revised in 2020 to remove the death penalty for terrorist offences.

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

Chad has dedicated legislation from 2015 on terrorism, which was revised in 2020. The 2020 Law defines acts of terrorism as follows:

a) any act or threat of an act of violence likely to endanger the life, physical integrity, freedoms of a person or a group of people, which causes or may cause damage to private or public property, natural resources, environment or cultural heritage, and committed with intent:

1) to intimidate, cause terror, compel conduct, coerce or induce any government, organization, institution, population or group thereof, to initiate or abstain from any initiative, to adopt or renounce a particular position or to act according to certain principles;

2) to disrupt the normal functioning of public services, the provision of essential services to the populations, or to create a crisis situation within the populations.Art. 2(1), 2020 Law on the Suppression of Terrorism.

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Chad has adhered to only one of five main United Nations treaties on terrorism. It is one of only seven States that has not ratified the 1999 Terrorist Financing Convention.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State not party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State not party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State not party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State not party

Article 225 of the 2018 Constitution states that “international treaties or agreements duly ratified have since the date of their publication a superior authority to that of national legislation, pending reciprocity”.


Chad has adhered to one of the African Union treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1999 Algiers Convention State Party
2004 Protocol to the Algiers Convention Signatory

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

Chad's Parliament voted to abolish the death penalty for terrorist offences in 2020. The maximum penalty for terrorist crimes is now life imprisonment.Art. 3, 2020 Law on the Suppression of Terrorism.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Penalties at Domestic Level

A 2015 decree established a judicial antiterrorist unit.Le decret N° 1759/PR/2015 du 18 Aout 2015 portant creation d'un Pool judiciaire antiterrorisme.


Chad 2020 Law on Terrorism (Arabic and French originals)

Chad 2015 Law on Terrorism (French original)

Criminal Code of Chad (2017)

2015 Decree on the Judicial Antiterrorist Unit