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Guatemala has specific provisions on terrorism in its Criminal Code as well as a 2005 law dedicated to tackling the financing of terrorism. There is no carve-out for the exercise of fundamental human rights.

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

Article 391 of the Criminal Code governs terrorism, stipulating simply that this involves criminal acts committed with the purpose of violating the constitutional order or disturbing public order.


Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Guatemala is a State Party to all of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State Party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State Party


Guatemala is also a State Party to the Inter-American treaty on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
2002 Inter-American Convention against Terrorism State Party

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

Article 391 of the Criminal Code punishes terrorist acts. Where they concern fire or cause railway, maritime, or aerial disasters, the penalty is one of imprisonment for between five and fifteen years. If explosives "of great destructive power" are used to commit a terrorist crime or if death or serious injury results, the accused will be punished upon conviction with imprisonment for between ten and thirty years.

The Criminal Code also provides that murder for a terrorist motive makes it a legal assassination, which carries a prison sentence of between twenty-five and fifty years and, in aggravated circumstances, the death penalty.Art. 132(8), Criminal Code of Guatemala.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

Guatemalan law enforcement is primarily performed by the civilian-led National Civil Police of Guatemala (PNC), but is often assisted by its army, including for counterterrorism operations.


Código Penal de Guatemala

Ley Anti-Financiamiento del Terrorismo de Guatemala