Skip to main content


Libya does not have dedicated counterterrorism legislation. The Criminal Code punishes certain acts deemed to be of terrorism, with the mandatory death penalty the maximum sentence. This includes the promotion of violent extremism.

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

Libyan law does not define terrorism as such but the Criminal Code represses a number of acts deemed terrorist, such as the following:

Anyone who circulates within the country, by any means, any views or principles that aim to alter fundamental constitutional principles, or the fundamental structures of the social order, or to overthrow the political, social, or economic order of the State, or to destroy the fundamental structures of the social order, by the use of force, terror or any other unlawful means, shall be punished by death.Art. 207, Criminal Code of Libya. 

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Libya is a State Party to all of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State Party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State Party


Libya is also a State Party to the main regional treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1999 Algiers Convention State Party
2004 Protocol to the Algiers Convention State Party

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

The mandatory death penalty is prescribed for terrorism under the Criminal Code as well as for a further range of offences that may be considered terrorist in nature.

For offences that carry a penalty of imprisonment, terrorism is one of a number of aggravating circumstances:

The penalty prescribed by the three preceding articles shall be increased by no more than one half, if the force or threats are used by means of arms, a masked person, a number of persons assembled, an unsigned or unmarked letter, or by terrorism issuing from secret associations, whether real or fake.Article 249, Criminal Code of Libya. 

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

The Libyan National Army is seeking to counter a very widespread threat from terrorism across the country.


Criminal Code of Libya (Unofficial English translation)

Criminal Code of Libya (original version)