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Niger has dedicated counterterrorism provisions in its Criminal Code, many of which were introduced by an Order from 2011. The maximum sentence is the death penalty, which is mandatory if deaths result from the terrorist act. There is no carve-out in the definition of terrorism for the exercise of fundamental human rights. 

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

Niger does not directly define terrorism in its Criminal Code but refers to a range of offences that fall within its scope, largely reflecting the offences in the global terrorism treaties. Only certain offences require proof that a person "unlawfully and intentionally" commit an offence, where "the act, by its nature or context, seeks to intimidate a population or to compel a Government or international organisation to perform or refrain from certain conduct".Art. 399.1.8, Criminal Code of Niger.

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Niger is a State Party to all of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State Party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State Party


Niger is also a State Party to the main regional treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1999 Algiers Convention State Party
2004 Protocol to the Algiers Convention State Party

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

Specific penalties are laid down for the different terrorist offences in the Criminal Code. For instance, a conviction for aircraft hijacking ordinarily attracts a prison sentence of ten to twenty years. If injuries are caused by the act, the penalty is from twenty to thirty years. If, however, death results, capital punishment will be imposed.Art. 399.1, Criminal Code of Niger.The mandatory death penalty is a violation of international human rights law.

Justifying or inciting terrorism was introduced as an offence into the Criminal Code by a 2016 Order, with a penalty of between five and ten years in prison.Art. 399.1.17 (bis), Criminal Code of Niger.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

Niger's army is at the forefront of its domestic counterterrorism operations. Significant combat against terrorist groups in the north and south-west of the country is continuing. 


Code Penal du Niger (2018)