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Senegal addresses terrorism in its Criminal Code. Senegal's Parliament adopted two dedicated counterterrorism laws in 2021, one amending the Criminal Code to cover the financing of terrorism and the other amending the Code of Criminal Procedure. These have been critized for their likely impact on the exercise of fundamental human rights. 

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

The 2007 Law (as amended in 2016) defined terrorist acts as follows:

acts intentionally committed in relation with an individual or collective undertaking whose aim is to seriously disturb public order or the functioning of national or international institutions, through intimidation or terror, the following offences:

1. - attacks;

2. - Participation in an insurgency;

3. - violence against people and physical destruction or damage during assemblies;

4. - kidnapping and hostage taking;

5. - destruction or damage to property;

6. - damage to public property;

7. - organized crime;

8.- attempted homicide;

9. - threats;

10. - injuries and wounding;

11. - manufacture or possession of prohibited weapons;

12. - offences related to weapons of mass destruction in connection with a non-State actor

13. - introducing dangerous substances into the environment

14. - theft and extortion;

15. - information and communication crimes.

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Senegal is a State Party to most of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State Party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention Signatory


Senegal is also a State Party to one of the two regional treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1999 Algiers Convention State Party
2004 Protocol to the Algiers Convention Signatory

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

The Criminal Code lays down a range of penalties for terrorist offences. The maximum sentence is forced labour for life.

The Government rejected the suggestion that exercising the right of assembly would fall within the purview of the crime of terrorism as defined under the amended Criminal Code.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

The national gendarmerie in Senegal is responsible for counterterrorism operations along with the army.


Senegal 2007 Law on Terrorism (original version)

Senegal 2016 Law amending the Criminal Code (original version)

DCAF Senegal Law Enforcement Report (2022)