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Sudan has a dedicated counterterrorism law, adopted in 2001, which was being revised at the time of writing. The death penalty remains imposable for certain terrorism offences. The Constitution makes combating terrorism a task for the foreign affairs policy of Sudan.

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

Terrorism is defined in a dedicated 2001 Act as follows:

any threat or act of violence, whatever its motives or purposes, that takes place in implementation of an individual or collective criminal project and aims to sow terror among people, terrify them by harming them, endangering their lives, freedom or security, or harming the environment, public or private funds, occupying or seizing them, or endangering of the national resources or the national strategy.

Sudan has been working on amending its 2001 Counter Terrorism Act in order to clarify ambiguous statutory language.

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Sudan is a State Party to most of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State Party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State not party


Sudan is also a State Party to one of the main regional treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1999 Algiers Convention State Party
2004 Protocol to the Algiers Convention Signatory
1998 Arab Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism Status unknown

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

The death penalty can still be imposed for a number of terrorist offences.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

Sudan has detailed counterterrorism capacity in its army and police.

In December 2020, the United States formally rescinded Sudan's designation as a State sponsor of terrorism.


Penal Code of Sudan (Arabic original)

2020 Amendment to the Penal Code (Arabic original)

2003 Criminal Code of Sudan

2005 Constitution of Sudan