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Tajikistan has dedicated counterterrorism legislation as well as specific provisions in its Criminal Code. The death penalty is imposable for terrorist offences.

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

The Criminal Code defines and proscribes terrorism briefly as follows:

committing an explosion, arson, firing with firearms or other actions, which create the danger of killing people, causing substantial financial damage or other socially dangerous consequences, if these actions are committed with the goal of violating public security, frightening the population or influencing the decision­-making of the organs of power, as well as threat of committing the mentioned actions with the same goals.Art. 179(1), Criminal Code of Tajikistan.

Article 3 of the 1999 Counter Terrorism Act defines "terrorism" as follows:

violence or threat of its use against individuals, coercion or threat of its use against legal entities, as well as the destruction or damage or threat of destruction or damage of property or other material objects of natural or legal persons, creating a danger of death of people, causing significant property damage or the occurrence of other socially dangerous consequences carried out in order to violate public security,  intimidation of the population or influencing the adoption by the authorities of decisions beneficial to terrorists, or the satisfaction of their illegal property or other interests; as well as an attack on the life of a state or public figure with the aim of weakening the foundations of the constitutional order and the security of the state, as well as for the purpose of stopping state activity or other political activities or committed as revenge for these activities; as well as an attempt on the life, bodily harm to a state or public figure or a representative of the authorities, committed in connection with their state or public activities, with the aim of destabilizing the situation or influencing the decision-making of state bodies or obstructing political or public activities; as well as an attack on a representative of a foreign state or an employee of an international organization using an international  protection, or members of the family residing with him, as well as on the office or accommodation or vehicles of persons enjoying international protection, if these acts are committed with the aim of provoking war or complicating international relations.Art. 3, 1999 Counter Terrorism Act.

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Tajikistan is a State Party to all of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism. It ratified the 2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention in 2022.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention State Party
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State Party


There is no regional treaty on terrorism to which Tajikistan can adhere.

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

The maximum sentence for the commission of terrorist offences is the death penalty.Art. 159(1), Criminal Code of Tajikistan.The minimum sentence is five years in prison.Art. 179(1), Criminal Code of Tajikistan.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

The Tajik police and army have dedicated counterterrorism expertise. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is supporting the Tajik Border Troops in their counterterrorism work.


Criminal Code of Tajikistan

Tajikistan 1999 Counter Terrorism Law (unofficial English translation)