Skip to main content


Nepal has dedicated counterterrorism provisions in its national law. There is no carve-out for the exercise of fundamental human rights. 

Compliance with International Law:
Last updated: one year ago

The Definition of Terrorism in Domestic Law

Terrorism is defined in dedicated legislation from 2002 as including the following acts:

(a) Any act to cause loss of, or damage to, or destruction of, the property in any place or make such plot or any act to cause death of, or injuries to any person in such place or to set fire on such place or any act to cause physical or mental loss or damage in any other manner or any act to cause death of, or injuries to, any person by using a poisonous substance in daily consumable goods or in a public place or any act to terrorize the general public or passer-bys or assembling people by committing any of the above-mentioned acts, by using any kinds of arms, bombs, explosive substances or any other devices or articles, with intent to undermine or jeopardize the sovereignty and integrity of the Kingdom of Nepal or security or peace and order of the Kingdom of Nepal or any part thereof or the security of a Nepalese diplomatic mission or property situated abroad, or 

(b) Any act to detain or manhandle or terrorize any person in any place or any type of vehicle or to kidnap any person from such place and vehicle or kidnap any person who is traveling by such vehicle, with or without such vehicle, or terrorize with such act by threatening to kill, mutilate, injure any person or cause any other kind of destruction to such person by using, or threatening to use, the substance mentioned in Clause (a), for the purpose referred to in that Clause, or by using, or threatening to use, any substance or device other than such substance.S. 3, 2002 Terrorist and Disruptive Acts (Prevention and Punishment) Act.

Adherence to Global and Regional Terrorism Treaties


Nepal is a State Party to several of the main United Nations treaties on terrorism.


Adherence to Global Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
1973 Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons State Party
1979 Hostage-Taking Convention State Party
1997 Terrorist Bombings Convention Signatory
1999 Terrorist Financing Convention State Party
2005 Nuclear Terrorism Convention State not party


Nepal is also a State Party to the main regional treaty on terrorism.


Adherence to Regional Terrorism Treaties
Treaty Adherence
SAARC 1987 Regional Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism State Party
2004 Protocol to the SAARC Terrorism Convention State not party

Laws and Penalties for Terrorist Offences

Life imprisonment is the ordinary penalty for terrorist offences.S. 10(1) and (2), 2002 Terrorist and Disruptive Acts (Prevention and Punishment) Act.

Counterterrorism Capacities and Policies at Domestic Level

Nepal continues to suffer occasional terrorist bombings by the dissident Biplav Group. Nepal's police and army are both engaged in counterterrorism operations.


Nepal 2002 Terrorism Act (English version)